Osteoporosis disproportionately affects the aging population, especially females who have gone through menopause. Once menopause occurs, bone density deteriorates even faster than normal.
Osteoporosis tends to be a silent disease, where it develops for years without being diagnosed.
Most of the time, osteoporosis is not diagnosed until after a fracture. However, if a hip fracture occurs, the risk of death and/or complications within a year increases by 30%, so it is best to recognize the risk as soon as possible!
Signs of osteoporosis include shrinking over two inches or getting a fracture after a fall from a normal height. To prevent osteoporosis from developing, patients are encouraged to do weight-bearing exercises such as light weights and brisk walking to promote bone maintenance.
In addition, over-the-counter supplements can help with bone strength, such as calcium and Vitamin D. Calcium helps build bone, and Vitamin D helps absorb Calcium.
It is recommended for everyone to take 1000 mg of Calcium and 600 IU of Vitamin D daily. For females aged 50 and older, it is recommended to take 1200 mg of Calcium and at least 600-800 IU of Vitamin D daily.
If you have osteoporosis, ask your pharmacist or physician if you may need more Calcium and Vitamin D supplementation.